Jewish Agricultural Colonies of South Ukraine and Crimea


 
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История еврейских земледельческих колоний Юга Украины
 
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Колонии Херсонской губернии
 
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Колонии Екатеринославской губернии
 
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О названиях еврейских колоний
 
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Частновладельческие еврейские колонии Херсонской губернии
 
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Религия и еврейские земледельческие колониии
 
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Юденплан
 
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Погромы в годы Гражданской войны
 
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Еврейские национальные административные единицы Юга Украины (1930 г.)
 
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Калининдорфский еврейский национальный район
 
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Сталиндорфский еврейский национальный район
 
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Новозлатопольский еврейский национальный район
 
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Отдельные еврейские земледельческие поселения Юга Украины, основанные в 1920-1930 гг.
 
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Еврейские поселения в Крыму (1922-1926)
 
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Еврейские населенные пункты в Крыму до 1941 г.
 
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Фрайдорфский и Лариндорфский еврейские национальные районы
 
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История отдельных колоний
 
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Воспоминания, статьи, очерки, ...
 
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Контакт

 
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Colonies of Kherson guberniya
 
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Colonies of Ekaterinoslav guberniya
 
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The Jewish national administrative units of South Ukraine (1930)
 
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Kalinindorf jewish national rayon
 
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Stalindorf jewish national rayon
 
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The Jewish settlements in Crimea (1922-1926)
 
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The Jewish settlements in Crimea till 1941
 
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Fraydorf and Larindorf Jewish national rayons



Yakov Pasik      

The colonies of Kherson guberniya


The Map of Jewish Agricultural Colonies of Kherson Guberniya

Карта
   Ed. note:
   The colony Vol'naya is not specified on a map because of its isolated position. This colony was located north west of Odessa.

Jewish Agricultural Colonies of Kherson Guberniya

Colony name Location Year of
establishment
Settlement
(data for 2006)
Kherson uezd
Bobrovyy Kut (Bobrovaya, Bobrov Kut) N 47°05'54",
E 32°56'42"
1807 Village Bobrovyy Kut
Bobrovyy Kut village soviet
Velikoaleksandrovka rayon
Kherson oblast
Dobraya (Dobrenkaya, Dobrinka, Novenkaya) N 47°18'37",
E 32°27'20"
1807 Village Dobroe
Dobroe village soviet
Bashtanka rayon
Nikolaev oblast
Bolshaya Seydemenukha (Tatarka), Kalinindorf N 47°06'52",
E 32°58'27"
1807 Settlement of urban type Kalininskoe
Velikoaleksandrovka rayon
Kherson oblast
Malaya Seydemenukha (Nevel), Shterndorf N 47°07'57",
E 33°00'24"
1841 Village Malaya Seydemenukha
Blagodatovka village soviet
Velikoaleksandrovka rayon
Kherson oblast
Bolshoy Nagartav N 47°18'26",
E 32°50'30"
1808 Nagartav were included in settlement of urban type Bereznegovatoe
Bereznegovatoe rayon
Nikolaev oblast
Malyy Nagartav N 47°18'10",
E 32°50'30"
1812 In 1926, Bolshoy and Malyy Nagartav were united in the village Nagartav
Efingar (Efengar, Bulgakov) N 47°24'00",
E 32°18'35"
1807 Village Plyushchevka
Plyushchevka village soviet
Bashtanka rayon
Nikolaev oblast
Ingulets (Har Shefer, Shirokaya) N 47°43'46",
E 33°15'17"
1809 Village Ingulets
Novolatovka village soviet
Shirokoe rayon
Dnepropetrovsk oblast
Kamenka (Kamyanka. Maevskoe) N 47°57'38",
E 33°47'02"
1808 Village Kamenka
Kamenka village soviet
Sofiyevka rayon
Dnepropetrovsk oblast
Izluchistaya (Krivoy Ples, Krivoples, Krivoplesovka) N 47°55',52",
E 33°46'07"
1824 Village Izluchistoye
Kamenka village soviet
Sofiyevka rayon
Dnepropetrovsk oblast
Novyy Berislav (Novo-Berislav, Novoberislav) N 46°51'33",
E 33°29'14"
1841 Village Novoberislav
Novoberislav village soviet
Berislav rayon
Kherson oblast
Lvovo (Lvova, Volodarskogo) N 46°47'37",
E 33°09'07"
1841 Village Lvovo
L'vovo village soviet
Berislav rayon
Kherson oblast
Novopoltavka (Novo-Poltavka) N 47°32'53",
E 32°30'03"
1841 Village Novopoltavka
Novopoltavka village soviet
Novyy Bug rayon
Nikolaev oblast
Romanovka Bolshaya and Malaya (Romanovskaya) N 47°26'07",
E 32°56'41"
1841 (Bolshaya)
1855 (Malaya)
Village Romanovka
Novoukrainka village soviet
Bereznegovatoe rayon
Nikolaev oblast
Novovitebsk (Zheltaya, Novo-Vitebsk) N 47°58'30",
E 33°53'23"
1847 Village Novovitebskoe
Novovasilyevka village soviet
Sofiyevka rayon
Dnepropetrovsk oblast
Novopodolsk (Kushchinsk, Novo-Podolsk, Novopodolskaya, Novo-Odessa) N 47°55'30",
E 33°53'54"
1847 Village Novopodolskoe
Novovasilyevka village soviet
Sofiyevka rayon
Dnepropetrovsk oblast
Novokovno (Chembarova, Chember, Chemberskaya, Novo-Kovna) N 47°58'45",
E 33°58'34"
1847 Village Novaya Kovna
Novovasilyevka village soviet
Sofiyevka rayon
Dnepropetrovsk oblast
Novozhitomir (Repetin, Repetino, Novyy Zhitomir, Novo-Zhitomir) N 47°55'14",
E 33°39'27"
1847 Village Novozhitomir
Krasino village soviet
Krivoy Rog rayon
Dnepropetrovsk oblast
Elizavetgrad uezd ( 1828-1865 - Nobrinets uezd)
Izrailevka (Yazer, Iazer) N 48°00'44",
E 32°36'13"
1807 Village Berezovatka
Krinichevatka village soviet
Ustinovka rayon
Kirovograd oblast
Sagaydak N 48°00'34",
E 32°43'52"
1841 Village Sagaydak
Sagaydak village soviet
Ustinovka rayon
Kirovograd oblast
(data for 1946) included in village Sadki Krinichnoe village soviet Ustinovka rayon Kirovograd oblast
Gromokley N 47°53'48",
E 32°19'13"
1857 Village Gromokley
Bereslavka village soviet
Bobrinets rayon
Kirovograd oblast
(data for 1946) does not exist
Tiraspol uezd
Volnaya (Berdin) N 47° 17'44",
E 30°10'32"
1859 Village Berdynovo
Ordzhonikidze village soviet
Shiryayevo rayon
Odessa oblast

Ed. note:

   For colonies of the Kherson guberniya the first specifies the official name received during the establishment of the colony. Then in brackets it is given the informal name of colony. Further is specified the name received by a colony as a result of renaming during the Soviet period.

Data on the colonies of Kherson guberniya

      Kherson uezd

Карта
Bobrovyy Kut, Bolshaya Seydemenukha, Malaya Seydemenukha

Bobrovyy Kut

Bobrovyy Kut, colony of Jews at river Ingulets (left side), Kherson uezd, in charge of police officer of camp 3. To uezd town 65 verst, to police station 90 verst. Homesteads - 192, male inhabitants - 994 and femail - 942, jewish prayer houses - 3 [1].

Bobrovyy Kut, Colony of Germans and Jews, at river Ingulets, homesteads 140, number of people 2271; lutheran prayer house, jewish prayer house, school, 2 shops [2].

Bobrovyy Kut; within the limits of Otbedo-Vasilevka volost; in charge of police officer of camp 1 and sheriff of station 10; at river Ingulets. Homesteads 149. Number of people 1384 (738 m., 646 f.). Jewish synagogue and 2 prayer houses. School. Wine shop. Bathhouse.To uezd town 59 verst; territorial postal station Bolshaya Seydemenukha 3 verst; steamer quay Berislav 40 verst [3].

Bobrovyy Kut - Jewish colony of Kherson Guberniya and Kherson uezd, on the left bank of the river Ingulets, in 65 versts from the city of Kherson. Jews from Mogilev guberniya have established the colony in 1807. They moved and settled at their own charge. Jews were attracted here by the privileges of the published "Statute" 1804 by which Alexander the Blessed wanted to improve the situation of jews. According to revision 1810 in Bobrovyy Kut lived 454 (86 families) persons (239 m. and 215 f.); colony had 14.000 dessiatinas of land. Then first a government gave out a benefit in cash to some poor families. Because of different unfavorable circumstances a colony could not develop. In 1860th more than 2000 jews dwelt here, and according to information of 1885 only 262 and 302 employable men and women, In all with children are 1204 persons (104 families), arable land - 2351 dessiatinas, horse - more than 200, sheep and cattle - more than 300 heads. В. Никитин, "Евреи земледельцы" (СПб., 1887) [4].

Bobrovyy Kut (Bobrovskiy Kut) - Jewish agricultural colony of Kherson Guberniya and Kherson uezd, on the bank of the river Ingulets, Jews from Mogilev guberniya have established the colony in 1807, settled at their own charge; statistical information about gradual growth, and then decline of colony, not fully reliable: in 1810 a revision found 86 families (239 m. and 215 f.), in 1815 counted 165 families (416 и 327) with 14.000 dessiatinas of land, but in 1825 870 persons, of which 429 followed the agriculture; in 1825, 1837 and 1841 new settlers arrived in a colony but however a colony could not develop. According to population census 1897 number of people was 1469, of them 1284 Jews. At an inspection of Jewish Colonization Society in 1898-99 appeared: available families of farmers - 185, available persons - 1103; land of colony - 2910 dessiatinas; allotted land of available families - 2395 dessiatinas. - В. Никитин, "Евреи земледельцы"; "Сборник ЕКО" [5].

Bolshaya Seydemenukha

Bolshaya Seydemenukha, colony of Jews at river Ingulets (left side), Kherson uezd, in charge of police officer of camp 3. To uezd town 70 verst, to police station 90 verst. Homesteads - 201, male inhabitants - 1070 and femail - 1061, jewish synagogue and 3 prayer houses [1].

Bolshaya Seydemenukha, Colony of Germans and Jews, at river Ingulets, homesteads 141, number of people 2197; lutheran prayer house, 2 Jewish prayer houses, school,shop [2].

Bolshaya Seydemenukha (Tatarka); within the limits of Otbedo-Vasilevka volost; in charge of police officer of camp 1 and sheriff of station 10; at river Ingulets. Homesteads - 200. Number of people - 1713 (851 m., 862 f.) Apartment of village chief. Jewish synagogue and и 2 prayer houses. School. Bathhouse. Territorial postal station. Shops - 4. Wine shop. To uezd town 68 verst; railway station Dobroe 35 verst; steamer quay Berislav 50 verst [3].

Tatarka, Jewish colony (Bolshaya Seydemenukha) of Kherson Guberniya and Kherson uezd, at river Ingulets. Homesteads - 200, number of people - 1750 including a lot of Germans. Lutheran prayer house, jewish synagogue and и prayer house, school, 6 shops [4].

Bolshaya Seydemenukha (Tatarka) - Jewish agricultural colony of Kherson Guberniya and Kherson uezd. In 1898 available families of farmers - 210, available persons - 1146; colonists heartily follow the agriculture. Land of colony - 3360 dessiatinas; allotted land of available families - 2709 dessiatinas. According to population census 1897 number of people was 1570, of them 1284 Jews. There is (1910) colonial school [5].

Malaya Seydemenukha

Malaya Seydemenukha (Nevel), сolony of Jews at rever Ingulets (left side) and gully Tatarka, Kherson uezd, in charge of police officer of camp 3. To uezd town 70 verst, to police station 87 verst. Homesteads - 35, male inhabitants - 217 and femail - 228, jewish prayer house [1].

Malaya Seydemenukha, Colony of Jews, at rever Ingulets, homesteads - 33, number of people - 520; jewish prayer house, shop, wine warehouse [2].

Malaya Seydemenukha (Nevel); within the limits of Otbedo-Vasilevka volost, in charge of police officer of camp 1 and sheriff of station 10; at rever Ingulets. Homesteads - 45. Number of people - 663 (317 m., 346 f.). Jewish prayer house. shop. Wine shops - 2. Bathhouse. To uezd town 68 verst; territorial postal station Bolshaya Seydemenukha 1 verst; railway station Dobroe 45 verst; steamer quay Berislav 45 verst [3].

Malaya Seydemenukha - Jewish agricultural colony of Kherson Guberniya. According to population census 1897 number of people was 520, of them 502 Jews. As at disposal of colonists little necessary instruments, the fields are processed unsatisfactorily. Considerable part of farmers is engaged in handicrafts also. There are a lot of glass-cutters special. According to information of Jewish Colonization Society in 1898 total person 454; 858 dessiatinas of land. Children study in kheders and in private school [5].

Карта
Bolshoy Nagartav, Malyy Nagartav

Bolshoy Nagartav

Bolshoy Nagartav, colony of Jews at river Visun, to the left of Kremenchug tract, Kherson uezd, in charge of police officer of camp 2. To uezd town 80 verst, to police station 12 verst. Homesteads - 104, male inhabitants - 498 and and femail - 382, jewish synagogue and 2 prayer houses, residence of curator of jewish colonies, hospital, pharmacy [1].

Bolshoy Nagartav; within the limits of Kaluga volost; in charge of police officer of Bereznegovatoe-Visun station and sheriff of station 10; at the gully Dobraya. Homesteads - 115. Number of people - 1038 (552 m., 486 f.) Patronage of jewish colonies of Kherson Guberniya. Jewish synagogue and и 2 prayer houses. School of Department of peoples Education (41 b., 17 g.). Territorial hospital, doctor and и 2 paramedics. Bathhouse. Wood-depots 2. Shops 3. To uezd town 80 verst; territorial postal station Bereznegovatoe 1 verst; railway station Dobroe 30 verst; steamer quay Nikolaev 65 verst [3].

Nagartav, Bolshoy and Malyy - Jewish agricultural colonies of Kherson Guberniya and Kherson uezd. Both colonies are located at the river Visun. In Bolshoy Nagartav there is administration (попечительство) оf jewish colonies of Kherson Guberniya. Thus this colony is a place of central management of all colonies. Near-by Bolshoy Nagartav is the large settlement Bereznegovatyy, in which are large fairs. Due to this settlement the habitants of colony have earnings from carrier's business and from market. Colonists follow the plough. In 1898 available families of farmers - 149, of which 132 families followed the plough; available persons - 924; allotted land of available families - 2215 dessiatinas. There are school and 2 synagogues. Colony Malyy Nagartav joins to the colony Bolshoy Nagartav. In 1898 available families of farmers - 42, of which 37 followed the plough; available persons - 287; land of available families - 760 dessiatinas. According to population census 1897 number of people in both colonies was 1711, of them 1571 Jews. In 1899 (on April, 23) the peasants of Bereznegovatogo made pogrom in Bolshoy Nagartav; it was destroyed property of Jews to the amount of 30 thousand of roubles (Хрон. Восхода, 1899 г., № 18) [5].

Malyy Nagartav

Malyy Nagartav, colony of Jews at river Visun, to the left of Kremenchug tract, Kherson uezd, in charge of police officer of camp 2. To uezd town 79 verst, to police station 13 verst. Homesteads - 34, male inhabitants - 120 and and femail - 108, jewish prayer house [1].

Malyy Nagartav; within the limits of Kaluga volost; in charge of police officer of Bereznegovatoe-Visun station and sheriff of station 3; at river Visun. Homesteads - 39. Number of people - 250 (133 m., 117 f.). Jewish prayer house. Private school (21 b., 11 g.). Bathhouse. At jewish colony Bolshoy Nagartav [3].

Dobraya

Карта

Dobraya (Novenkaya), colony of Jews at pond on the gully Dobrenkaya, to the left of Kherson-Elisavetgrad tract, Kherson uezd, in charge of police officer of camp 1. To uezd town 80 verst, to police station 40 verst. Homesteads - 162, male inhabitants - 243 and and femail - 238, jewish prayer house [1].

Dobraya , Colony of Germans and Jews, at the ponds, homesteads - 121, number of people - 1566; lutheran prayer house, 2 jewish prayer houses, 2 schools, Bathhouse, territorial postal station, 2 shops, sundays market, railway station [2].

Dobraya (Novenkaya); within the limits of Poltavka volost; in charge of police officer of camp 6 and sheriff of station 7; at the pond on the gully Dobrenkaya. Homesteads - 265. Number of people - 1.856 (1.026 m., 830 f.). Jewish prayer houses 3. School. Pharmacy shop. Bathhouse. Wood-depots 3. Cornloft. Wholesale warehouse of wine and spirit. Shops - 13. Трактиров - 2. Market-days - 50.To uezd town 95 verst; territorial postal station Poltavka 10 verst; railway station Dobroe 2 verst; steamer quay Nikolaev 55 verst [3].

Dobraya (Dobroe) - one of the largest colonies of Kherson guberniya, founded among 10 first colonies of this guberniya in the period of (allotted land - 5170 dessiatinas and reserve - 1723 dessiatinas). In 1859 (X revision) in colony counted 102 Jewish agricultural families with 740 person; According to information of Jewish Colonization Society in 1898-99 available families - 293 and 1676 person with 3600 dessiatinas of allotted land, of which only 2760 was in actual at the disposal of farmers; families followings the agriculture - 270, They had 2503 dessiatinas of allotted land. Competent in Russian - 515 person, only Yidish - 167; there is school, but only 1/4 children of school age learned in school. Public charges of colony including all of taxes and duties, maintenance of rural police, mails, hospitals, schools and charges on a religious cult have attained in 1898-99 8590 roubles. Colony is located in one verst from the station Dobraya of Kharkov-Nikolaev railway. - Ср.: Сборник ЕКО; В. Н. Никитин, "Евреи-земледельцы" [5].

Efingar
Efingar

Efingar (Bulgakova, Balgakov), colony of Jews at river Ingul, to the left of Kherson-Elisavetgrad tract, Kherson uezd, in charge of police officer of camp 1. To uezd town 120 verst, to police station 60 verst. Homesteads - 106, male inhabitants - 453 and and femail - 425, jewish prayer houses - 3 [1].

Efingar (Bulgakova), Colony of Germans and Jews, at river Ingul, homesteads - 131, number of people - 1392; lutheran prayer house, 2 jewish prayer houses, 2 schools, 2 shops, fridays market, house for the chief of 1th okrug [2].

Efingar (Efengar , Bulgakova, Balgakov); within the limits of Poltavka volost; in charge of police officer of camp 6 and sheriff of station 7; at river Ingul. Homesteads - 263. Number of people - 1704 (874 m., 830 f.). Apartment of village chief. Jewish prayer houses - 2. School. Weatherstation. Bathhouse. Hostelry. Shops - 20. Taverns - 2; Wine cellar. Market-days - 52. To uezd town 113 verst; territorial postal station Poltavka 10 verst; railway station Dobroe 20 verst; steamer quay Nikolaev 70 verst [3].

Efingar (Efengar) - the Jewish agricultural colony in the Kherson Guberniya , by river Ingul; основана в 1809; поселилось 48 семейств в составе 276 душ. According to population census 1897 number of people was 2226, of them 2038 Jews. In 1898 available families of farmers - 267; available persons 1666. Crop failures happen often. Terms for development of the truck farming and viticulture are favorable. There is jewish school. - Ср.: Сборник ЕКО, II; Никитин, "Евреи-земледельцы" [5].

Ingulets

Ingulets

Ingulets (Shirokaya), colony of Jews at river Ingulets (left side), Kherson uezd, in charge of police officer of camp 3. To uezd town 150 verst, to police station 60 verst. Homesteads - 165, male inhabitants - 730 and femail - 666, jewish synagogue and 3 prayer houses [1].

Ingulets, Colony of Jews, at river Ingulets; homesteads - 136, number of people - 1933; synagogue, 3 jewish prayer houses, school, weekly market [2].

Ingulets (Shirokaya); within the limits of Shirokoe volost; in charge of police officer of camp 2 and sheriff of station 4; при рч. Ингульце. Homesteads - 300. Number of people - 2458 (1280 m., 1178 f.). Jewish synagogue и 3 prayer houses. School of Department of peoples Education (39 b., 33 g.). Bathhouse. Shops - 17. Tavern (корчма). Fairs 2. Market-days - 52. To uezd town 140 verst; territorial postal station Shirokaya 3 verst; railway station Krivoy Rog 18 verst; steamer quay Girly 70 verst [3].

Ingulets - Jewish agricultural colony of Kherson Guberniya and Kherson uezd arising up in 1809. About 90 families were counted in 1812. According to population census 1897 number of people was 2781, of them 2696 Jews. According to information of Jewish Colonization Society in 1898 available families of farmers - 367, available persons 2262; land of available families 3426 dessiatinas. There is public school. - Ср.: Никитин, "Евреи земледельцы"; Сборн. ЕКО, т. II [5].

The name specified in the map Colony Ingulskaya has not become naturalized becaus of the geographical error connecting a colony with the river Ingul.

Карта
Izluchistaya, Kamenka

Izluchistaya

Izluchistaya (Krivoples, Krivoplesovka), colony of Jews at river Kamenka, Kherson uezd, in charge of police officer of camp 3. To uezd town 200 verst, to police station 50 verst. Homesteads - 67, male inhabitants - 277 and femail - 268, jewish prayer house [1].

Izluchistaya (Krivoy Ples), Colony of Jews, at river Kamenka, homesteads - 54, number of people - 702; jewish prayer house, 2 shops [2].

Izluchistaya (Krivoe Pleso, Krivoyples, Krivoyplesovka); within the limits of Mikhaylovka volost; in charge of police officer of camp 3 and sheriff of station 1; at river Kamyanka. Homesteads - 77. Number of people 771 (386 m., 385 f.). Jewish prayer house. Shops - 2. Bathhouse. To uezd town 180 verst; territorial postal station Novo-Podolsk 10 verst; railway station Pichugino 15 verst; steamer quay Mal. Girly 60 verst [3].

Izluchistaya - Jewish agricultural colony of Kherson Guberniya and Kherson uezd. According to population census 1897 number of people was 849, of them 739 Jews. According to information of Jewish Colonization Society in 1898 available families of farmers - 125, available persons - 604 [5].

Kamenka

Kamenka, colony of Jews at river Kamenka, Kherson uezd, in charge of police officer of camp 3. To uezd town 200 verst, to police station 50 verst. Homesteads - 68, male inhabitants - 284 and femail - 289, jewish prayer house [1].

Kamenka, Colony of Jews, at river Kamenka, homesteads - 66, number of people - 734; synagogue, jewish prayer house, shop, 5 fairs, weekly market [2.]
Kamyanka (Kamenka, Maevskoe); within the limits of Mikhaylovka volost; in charge of police officer of camp 3 and sheriff of station 1; at river Kamenka. Homesteads - 73. Number of people - 771 (364 m., 407 f.). Jewish synagogue и prayer house. School of Department of peoples Education (22 b., 26 g.). Bathhouse. Shops - 6. Wine shop. Market-days - 52. Fairs - 4. To uezd town 182 verst; territorial postal station Novo-Podolsk 10 verst; railway station Pichugino 15 verst; steamer quay Mal. Girly 65 verst [3].

Lvova

Lvovo

Lvova, colony of Jews at river Dnepr, to the right of the postroad from Kherson to Ekaterinoslav and Crimea, Kherson uezd, in charge of police officer of camp 3. To uezd town 45 verst, to police station 105 verst. Homesteads - 119, male inhabitants - 572 and femail - 488, jewish prayer house [1].

Lvova, Colony of Jews, at river Dnepr; homesteads - 96, number of people - 1354; jewish synagogue и prayer house, 4shops, sundays market [2].

Lvova; within the limits of Tyaginka volost, in charge of police officer of Berislav station and sheriff of station 10; at river Dnepr. Homesteads - 136. Number of people - 1560 (801 m., 759 f.). Jewish synagogue и prayer house. School of Department of peoples Education (60 b., 50 g.). Bathhouse. Wood-depot. Shops 11. Tavern (корчма). To uezd town 48 verst; territorial postal station Tyaginka 8 verst; railway station Dobroe 100 verst; steamer quay Krasnyy Burgun 1 verst [3].

Lvovo - Jewish agricultural colony of Kherson Guberniya and Kherson uezd. According to population census 1897 number of people was 1402 of them 1338 Jews. Soil does not reward agricultural labour especially generously. Neighborhood of Dnepr and German squires of Tavita guberniya give colonists side employments - they deal and sew clothes for Germans. According to information of Jewish Colonization Society in 1898 available persons - 1259; families followings the agriculture - 176; land of colony - 2760 dessiatinas; allotted land of available families - 2402 dessiatinas. There is jewish school [5].

N_Bereslav
Novoberislav

Novo-Berislav, colony of Jews at anabranch Kosmakha, to the right of the postroad from Kherson to Ekaterinoslav and Crimea, Kherson uezd, in charge of police officer of camp 3. To uezd town 75 verst, to police station 75 verst. Homesteads - 94, male inhabitants - 391 and femail - 330, jewish synagogue [1].

Novo-Berislav, Colony of Jews, at river Kosmakhe and Gulf of Dnepr; homesteads - 50, number of people - 525; synagogue, school, bathhouse [2].

Novo-Berislav (Novyy Berislav); within the limits of Staroshvedskaya volost; in charge of police officer of Berislav station and sheriff of station 10; at anabranch Kosmakha of river Dnepr. Homesteads - 61. Number of people - 602 (316 m., 286 f.). Village prikaz (board). Jewish synagogue. School. To town Berislav 4 verst [3].

Novo-Berislav - Jewish agricultural colony of Kherson Guberniya. Although for engaged in the special cultures there are all the terms, habitants of colony little follow the agriculture, preferring handicraft labour. Handicraftsman are poor men mainly. In 1898 available families of farmers - 79; available persons - 452; land of colony - 1380 dessiatinas, allotted land of available families of farmers - 1142 dessiatinas [5].

Карта
Novovitebsk, Novokovno, Novopodolsk

Novovitebsk

Novo-Vitebsk (Zheltaya), colony of Jews at river Zheltenkaya, Kherson uezd, in charge of police officer of camp 3. To uezd town 200 verst, to police station 50 verst. Homesteads - 81, male inhabitants - 271 and femail - 230, jewish prayer house [1].

Novo-Vitebsk, Colony of Jews, at pond, homesteads - 66, number of people - 934; jewish prayer house, 3 shops [2].

Novo-Vitebsk (Zheltaya); within the limits of Novo-Nikolaevka volost; in charge of police officer of camp 3 and sheriff of station 1; at the gully Zheltaya. Homesteads - 84. Number of people - 827 (457 m., 370 f.). Village prikaz (board). Jewish prayer house. School (40 b., 32 g.). Shop. Bathhouse. To uezd town 180 verst; territorial postal station Novo-Podolsk 5 verst; railway station Devladovo 18 verst; steamer quay Nikopol 60 verst [3].

Novo-Vitebsk (Zheltaya) - Jewish agricultural colony of Kherson Guberniya and Kherson uezd. In 1898 families of farmers 125; available persons 583; In the use is 1500 dessiatinas of land. According to population census 1897 number of people was 980, of them 849 Jews. There is (1910) one jewish school [5].

Novokovno

Novo-Kovno (Chember), colony of Jews at gully Volchaya, Kherson uezd, in charge of police officer of camp 3. To uezd town 187 verst, to police station 52 verst. Homesteads - 52, male inhabitants - 175 and femail - 174, jewish prayer house [1].

Novo-Kovno (Chemberskaya), Colony of Jews, at pond, homesteads 43, number of people 668; prayer house, school,shop [2].

Novo-Kovno (Chember); within the limits of Novo-Nikolaevka volost; in charge of police officer of camp 3 and sheriff of station 1; at the gully Volchaya and at pond. Homesteads - 88. Number of people - 772 (384 m., 388 j.). Jewish prayer house. School (28 b., 21 g.). Shops - 2. Wine shop. Bathhouse. To uezd town 185 verst; territorial postal station Novo-Podolsk 7 verst.; railway station Devladovo 20 verst; steamer quay Nikopol 55 verst [3].

Novo-Kovno (Chimbarovo) - Jewish agricultural colony of Kherson Guberniya. Although the population of colony has comparatively little land nevertheless it follows the plough zealously. After the manner of treatment of land and of the number of inventory a colony belongs to the number of the best in this district. In 1898 available families of farmers - 108; available persons - 586; land of colony - 1080 dessiatinas; allotted land of available families - 1033 dessiatinas. According to population census 1897 number of people was 928, of them 796 Jews. There is (1910) one jewish school [5].

Novopodolsk

Novo-Podolsk (Kushchinsk, Novo-Odessa), colony of Jews at river Zheltenkaya, Kherson uezd, in charge of police officer of camp 3. To uezd town 180 verst, to police station 45 verst. Homesteads - 62, male inhabitants - 162 and femail - 144, jewish prayer house [1].

Novo-Podolsk (Kushchinskaya), Colony of Jews, at pond, homesteads 55, number of people 432; prayer house, territorial postal station, 2 shops [2].

Novo-Podolsk (Kushchinsk, Novo-Odessa); within the limits of Kamyanka volost; in charge of police officer of camp 3 and sheriff of station 1; at river Zheltenkaya. Homesteads 53. Number of people 368 (185 m., 183 f.). Jewish prayer house. Territorial postal station. Bathhouse. Wholesale warehouse of wine and spirit. Shops 2. To uezd town 200 verst; railway station Pichugino 25 verst; steamer quay Mal. Girly 55 verst [3].

Novozhitomir
Novozhitomir

Novo-Zhitomir (Repetin), colony of Jews at river Zheltenkaya, Kherson uezd, in charge of police officer of camp 3. To uezd town 220 verst, to police station 50 verst. Homesteads - 69, male inhabitants - 137 and femail - 126, jewish prayer house [1].

Novo-Zhitomir (Repetina); within the limits of Krivoy Rog volost; in charge of police officer of camp 2 and sheriff of station 4; at river Zheltenkaya. Homesteads - 53. Number of people 457 (235 m., 222 f.). Jewish prayer house. School (10 b., 5 g.). Bathhouse. To uezd town 180 verst; territorial postal station Krivoy Rog 23 verst; railway station Pichugino 12 verst; steamer quay Mal. Girly 60 verst [3].

Novo-Zhitomir - Jewish agricultural colony of Kherson Guberniya. Habitants follow the plough mainly. In 1898 available families of farmers - 65; available persons - 369; land of colony - 1223 dessiatinas; allotted land of available families - 675 dessiatinas. There is (1910) colonial jewish school [5].

Novopoltavka
Novopoltavka

Novo-Poltavka, colony of Jews at ponds on the gully Gorzhina, to the right of Kherson-Elisavetgrad tract, Kherson uezd, in charge of police officer of camp 2. To uezd town 123 verst, to police station 40 verst. Homesteads - 149, male inhabitants - 768 and and femail - 799, jewish prayer houses - 2 [1].

Novo-Poltavka, Colony of Jews, at pond, homesteads - 120, number of people - 2104; 2 jewish prayer houses, school, 3 shops [2].

Novo-Poltavka; within the limits of Privolnoe volost; in charge of police officer of camp 4 and sheriff of station 6; at the ponds on the gully Gorzhanaya. Homesteads - 62. Number of people - 1893 (904 m., 989 f.). Station of Kharkov-Nikolaev railway. Village prikaz (board). Jewish prayer houses- 3. State school (80 b., 21 g.). Pharmacy. Bathhouse. Wood-depots - 2. Shops - 13. Market-days - 52. To uezd town 90 verst; territorial postal station Privolnoe 12 verst; steamer quay Novaya Odessa 57 verst [3].

Novo-Poltavka - Jewish agricultural colony of Kherson Guberniya and Kherson uezd. A colony by improvement and menage is considered one of the best in neighbourhood. Immigrants from Kurlyandiya guberniya. Colonists are receptive to introduction of improvements in agriculture. In 1898 available families of farmers - 242, available persons - 1427; allotted land of available families - 2506 dessiatinas. According to population census 1897 number of people was 2179, of them 1959 Jews. There is school of Department of peoples Education. School dissatisfies the necessities of local population; fifth part of children is barely placed in it; other are taught by melameds. There are 2 synagogues, pharmacy and doctor recipient a salary from colonists. In 1902 at instigation of baron G. O. Gintsburg in three versts from colony the agricultural school costing ninety thousand rubls is opened; hostel for sixty pupils; the course of studies is three year. A ministry gave for school 300 dessiatinas of land. (Будущность, 1902 г., № 46) [5].

Romanovka
Romanovka

Romanovka (Bolshaya and Malaya), colony of Jews at river Visun, to the left of Kherson-Elisavetgrad tract, Kherson uezd, in charge of police officer of camp 1. To uezd town 100 verst, to police station 9 verst. Homesteads - 115, male inhabitants - 540 and and femail - 548, jewish synagogue and prayer house, village prikaz (board) [1].

Romanovka; within the limits of Kaluga volost; in charge of police officer of camp 4 and sheriff of station 8; at river Visun. Homesteads - 118. Number of people - 1277 (708 m., 569 f.). Jewish prayer houses - 3. School of Department of peoples Education (25 b., 10 g.). Shops - 7. Wine shop. To uezd town 96 verst; territorial postal station Bereznegovatoe 15 verst; steamer quay Nikolaev 92 verst [3].

Romanovka Bolshaya and Malaya - Jewish agricultural colony of Kherson Guberniya and Kherson uezd. A colony consists of two parts, Bolshaya and Malaya R. at that public buildings, management and school - general for both colonies. Habitants are mainly farmers but because near-by colonies there is no city settlement, colonists in time free from the field works are engaged in peddling. In 1898 families of farmers - 158; persons - 1073. In the use of colonists is 2640 dessiatinas of land. According to population census 1897 number of people was 1302, of them 1283 Jews [5].

      Elizavetgrad uezd ( 1828-1865 - Bobrinets uezd)

Gromokleya
Gromokleya

Gromokleya - Jewish agricultural colony, at small river Gromokleya, homesteads - 30, number of people - 345; jewish prayer house, 2 shops [2].

Gromokleya; within the limits of Ketrisanovka volost; in charge of police officer of Bobrinets suburb and sheriff of station 3; at pond. Homesteads - 48. Number of people - 334 (164 m., 170 f.). Jewish prayer house. Government equestrian postal station. Shop. Bathhouse. To uezd town 75 verst; territorial postal station Ketrisanovka 10 verst; railway station Novyy Bug 40 verst [3].

Gromokleya - Jewish agricultural settlement of Elizavetgrad uezd Kherson Guberniya. In 1898 254 persons on 483 dessiatinas. - Ср. "Сборн. ЕКО", табл. № 6 [5].

Izrailevka
Izrailevka

Izrailevka , Colony of Jews, at river Berezovka, to the right of transit road from Alexandriya to village Kazanka, Elisavetgrad uezd, in charge of police officer of camp 1. To uezd town 25 verst, to police station 52 verst. Homesteads - 100, male inhabitants - 449 and and femail - 432 [1].

Izrailevka , Colony of Jews, at small river Berezovka, homesteads - 87, number of people - 1253; jewish prayer house, school, 2 shops, weekly market [2].

Izrailevka ; within the limits of Ustinovka volost; in charge of police officer of camp 4 and sheriff of station 4; at small river Berezovka. Homesteads 181. Number of people - 1275 (664 m., 611 f.). Jewish prayer house. Shops - 9. Wine shop. Market-days - 50. To uezd town 60 verst; territorial postal station Sagaydak 8 verst; railway station Dolinskaya 15 verst [3].

Izrailevka - Jewish agricultural colony of Elizavetgrad uezd Kherson Guberniya; established in 1807. In 1812 there was 26 families in consisting of 118 persons; according to population census 1897 number of people - 1.490, of them 1.387 Jews; according to information of Jewish Colonization Society in 1898 available families of farmers - 210, available persons - 1.194, belonging land - 2.162 dessiatinas. There is (1909) government jewish school. - Ср.: Никитин, "Евреи-земледельцы" [5].

Sagaydak
Sagaydak

Sagaydak, colony of Jews at gully Sagaydak, on transit road from Alexandriya to village Kazanka, Elisavetgrad uezd, in charge of police officer of camp 1. To uezd town 42 verst, to police station 47 verst. Homesteads - 47, male inhabitants - 267 and and femail - 265 [1].

Sagaydak, Colony of Jews, at natural boundary (урочище) Sagaydak, homesteads - 58, number of people - 644; jewish prayer house [2].

Sagaydak; within the limits of Ustinovka volost; in charge of police officer of camp 4 and sheriff of station 4; at the gully Sagaydak. Homesteads - 110. Number of people - 674 (365 m., 309 f.). Jewish prayer house. Shops - 10. Wholesale warehouse of wine and spirit. Tavern (корчма).To uezd town 60 verst; railway station Dolinskaya 10 verst [3].

Sagaydak - Jewish agricultural colony of Elizavetgrad uezd Kherson Guberniya. In 1898 available families of farmers - 103; number of people - 581; in their use 944 dessiatinas. Because of shortage of land economic position of colony is bad. According to population census 1897 number of people was 801, of them 770 Jews. There is (1910) one private masculine Jewish school [5].

      Tiraspol uezd

Volnaya
Volnaya

Berdybovo (other names Volnaya, Berdyanka) founded in 1859 by settlers from Volhynia and Podolia as a Jewish agricultural colony in Tiraspol uezd of Kherson guberniya. From 1920 - in the Tsebriko uezd Odessa guberniya, from 1923 - in the Odessa okrug, from 1932 - in the Odessa oblast, now a village in Shiryaevо rayon Odessa oblast. In 1929-37, Berdynovo was the center of Jewish National village soviet. In 1859, in Berdynovo lived 338 Jews in 1885 - 394, 1895 - 179, 1916 - 338, 1924 - 446, 1931 - 329 Jews. In the early 20 century in Berdynovo were synagogue, heder, an elementary school. In the period of First World and the Civil Wars some farms went bankrupt. In 1922, with the help of the ARA was opened free canteen for 54 hungry children. In 1929 in Berdynovo was created kolkhoz "50 th anniversary of Stalin", whose achievements in sheep and horse breeding were shown in Agricultural Exhibition in Moscow. In September 1941, was executed 43 Jews. In Berdynovo preserved the building of schools. The territory of the Jewish cemetery built.

Literature :
1. Списки населенных мест Херсонской губернии (по сведениям 1859). - Санкт-Петербург 1868.
2. Волости и важнейшие селения европейской России. Издание центрального статистического комитета. Выпуск VIII. Губернии Новороссийской группы. Санкт Петербург 1886.
3. Список населенных мест Херсонской губернии и статистические данные о каждом поселении. - Х., 1896.
4. Энциклопедия Брокгауза Ф.А. и Ефрона И.А. (1890 - 1916гг.)
5. Еврейская энциклопедия Брокгауза и Ефрона (1908-1913)
6. Екатеринославская губерния. Список населенных мест по сведениям 1859 г.
7. Военно-топографические карты территории Украины 1860-90 г. Масштаб карт отдельных колоний на странице 1 см-600 м.
8. Российская еврейская энциклопедия

20-08-2006    

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